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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you?
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>> and now, "bbc world news." >> welcome to "newsday," on the bbc. >> the headlines this hour. a warning over the future of the eurozone. the irish prime minister and tax the vatican saying that he was standing by his -- james murdoch claims he did not mislead parliament about the phone hacking allegations. with almost half of somalia's people short of food, the u.n. announces emergency food drops. lucian freud has died. >> it is to i am here in london. you are watching "newsday."
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leaders of the 17 countries which use the euro have agreed to the terms of a second bailout plan for greece. the greek rescue package will be worth more than $150 billion and there will be billions more from private investors such as banks. >> nearly 10 years ago, the euro had been lost to a fanfare of celebration. they are now facing the greatest test. the leaders came up with a historic package designed to draw a line under the greek debt crisis. the french president and the german chancellor pushed
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through a rescue plan which amounted to nearly 110 billion euros. the deal not only covers short- term funding but is intended to cover the debt burden. >> i have made it clear that today is not someone standing up and waving a magic wand but it is helping greece return to the path to understand the process. i am confident that we can succeed. >> the problem facing the summit was that the debts had shot up to 350 billion euros. the european leaders this is the that what they were doing for greece was a one-off. what is in the deal? interest on existing loans will be reduced. private investors will take on some of the costs of the bailout and so help reduce creases debt and there will be a european monetary fund to help banks or country's in trouble.
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the french president stressed that in order for this to work, the greek debt had to come down. >> what we're doing for greece is what we will do for no other country. what is at stake here is contagion. >> a controversial part of this is the involvement of private investors. they are expected to take some losses and contribute around 37 billion euros. as a result, rating agencies could declare greece to be in default. the focus will now fall on greece as to whether even with this extra funding its debt mountain can come down. >> we now have a program and a package of decisions which create a sustainable path for greece, a sustainable debt management for greece.
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>> have the leaders than enough to end the crisis that for 18 months has threatened the single currency? >> now to a development on the phone hacking scandal. we have learned that a senior journalist at the sun newspaper has been fired in connection with phone hacking. in a separate development, two former executives have directly contradicted evidence given to the british parliament on tuesday by james murdoch. the business editor has more. >> we had a very potentially important development tonight when the former "news of the world," editor and of the former legal added there -- legal editor put out a statement contradicting evidence that james murdoch gave to the committee on tuesday.
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this is really quite an important dispute because james murdoch has consistently said that it was only recently that he became aware of the hacking and wrongdoing went wider than the reporter and the royal editor -- he said when he was peddling a claim for damages from lord taylor, the head of the football is union, that he was not aware when authorizing a settlement of something like 650,000 pounds. he was not aware that the wrongdoing went a wider than what the news international had said at the time. he said he was not aware of a particular e-mail that mr. taylor's lawyers had obtained. now, they are saying that they
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told him about this e-mail. the point about this e-mail is that it goes some way to indicate that the wrongdoing went wider. this directly contradicts the claim that the knowledge was limited. >> we have learned that the fbi plans to contact juse law following claims that his phone was tapped. if the accusation is approved, it could lead to charges in the u.s.. our washington correspondent has more. >> these allegations relate to an article about jude law which appeared in the "news of the
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world," in september, 2003. it is claimed that at the time, the jude law was here in the united states, specifically at the kennedy airport which would give some kind of jurisdiction for the fbi who is now investigating. potentially it could open the door to prosecutions. i understand from a source close to the investigation that the fbi would like to speak to jude law. they would like to make contact with his representatives. i've spoken to his publicist. mr. law has no intention to talk about him. this adds to the scope of the investigation. the fbi is looking into claims that reporters from the "news of the world," attempted to access the phones of people died on
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9/11. rupert murdoch at the british parliamentary hearing has already denied that claim. there was no evidence to support any sort of hacking here in the u.s. >> we have the latest from washington. let's cross over for an update on the situation in somalia. >> 8 will be airlifted into mogadishu within days according to the u.n. as famine grips east african -- grips east africa. we report from mogadishu. >> to move in mogadishu, you need men with guns. the peacekeepers are ready to drive me to the outskirts of this capital.
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in heavily armored vehicles, we pass through the government controlled areas. despite the war, business is booming. the landscape is changing into every open space. the homes for those fleeing the drought and widespread famine. despite only being 400 meters from the front line, thousands are still pouring into this camp. they are setting up with a few possessions they have managed to bring with them. the real debt of this crisis on the becomes clear once we reached the clinic. mothers get in line, desperate to get help for their severely malnourished children.
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when sophia had absolutely no food or village, she caught a ride to mogadishu on the back of a lorry with her five children. her son does not look it but he is 12 months old and already in a struggle to survive. despite all the dangers, these families are willing to risk it because life has become so direa at home. some families are reaching here when it is simply too late. just hanging on is this child of 8 months. his father, who was forced to move from camp to camp during the war. he cannot get the money to feed his children. they keep coming. in the last nine days, this
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clinic alone has seen well over 1000 severely malnourished children. the workers are struggling to cope. >> we really need to have enough supplies to be able to provide for these people, the children. we need vaccination, supplementary food, clean water, sanitation facilities. of course, fundamentally, we need food. >> the hardest part will be get food deep into the areas held by rebels linked with al qaeda. with war and now a famine spreading, this is a daunting challenge. >> in syria, opposition activists say security forces have been stepping up a major operation against anti- government protesters in the country's third biggest city of homs.
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residents have reported sustaining heavy gunfire. several people have been killed. up to 250 people are reported to have died over the past few days. a heat wave is spreading across the u.s. and this is planned for causing the death of 22 people. -- this is blamed for causing the death of 22 people. this is affecting 17 states so far. a slander campaign, that is how pakistan describes the move against an american citizen arrested in the u.s. this week and accused of working for pakistan. this is the latest in a rapidly deteriorating relationship which was highlighted when the u.s. killed osama bin laden and pakistan.
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the prime minister is currently in london. my colleague asked if he understood why the u.s. had not told pakistan. >> that is the thing we did not like. >> you understand why? >> they did not want to share their victory with pakistan, they only want to share defeat. >> what they're indicating is that they did not trust the military and your security services to not leak it. >> when we had intelligence sharing with them and the people, the most wanted terrorist of al qaeda, we helped them. there was no reason not to share with us. >> did the isi note that osama bin laden was less than a mile away from your defense academy? >> he had been there for a long
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time. i want to ask you one question, whether the world intelligence failed? the whole failure of the world. >> did you know that bin laden was there? did your intelligence service know he was there? >> there was an intelligence failure by pakistan. >> you were not briefed that he was in your country? >> no, i'm telling you because there is additional permission going into the matter. if there is evidence, they can give it to the commission. >> still to come on the program, citing cooperation in the south china seas. the asean group of nations works
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to reach an understanding with china. lucian freud has died. the president of malawi has rejected calls to stand down after two days of deadly protests. at least 80 people had been killed and 44 wounded. the demonstrators accused the president of overseeing a steep economic decline. the authorities use force to try to stop the unrest and this has brought widespread international condemnation. >> for a second day, the military presence on the streets of the capital. they're responding to protests like these. all too often, -- across the country, 18 are dead and dozens more wounded. the demonstrators would like the president to stand down.
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the civil groups are unhappy with the rising cost of living. the worst of 47 years of independence. in an address to the nation broadcast live on the radio, the president said he was prepared to meet opposition groups to discuss their grievances but would not step down. >> i strongly believe that we will get to the crisis. the opposition leaders are fueling the mass demonstrations are led by satan. >> it is the interventions of his army that have drawn widespread criticism. the u.n. chief, the u.s. come up in the u.k. have all condemned the violence. britain which was what the biggest aid donor last week -- which was the biggest aid donors
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suspended their payments. this makes an end to the protests of the more difficult in all of the world's poorest countries. -- in one of the world's poorest countries. >> this is "newsday," on the bbc. >> the headlines this hour. european leaders have agreed to a second loan for greece with banks and private investors contributing more than $150 billion. >> james murdoch has rejected claims that he gave mistaken evidence to british members of parliament. the claims for made by former senior executives of the "news of the world," newspaper. who owns the south china seas? this is a simple enough question but the answer is complicated. a number of countries claim
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ownership. hillary clinton has arrived in bali where the asean group of nations has been discussing the contentious issue of maritime boundaries. it is believed that the south china sea is rich in oil and gas. countries in the region are competing with each other to stake a claim. china says they have the largest claim over the south china sea. they say they own all of it. meanwhile, countries in asea say that they own parts of it. in recent weeks, there have been skirmishes between the philippines and china and vietnam and china. the fear is that if this is not solved, this could destabilize the region. there is a military presence on some of the beaches. this includes a popular diving resort which is important to
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the tourism industry. malaysian officials say that their claims are in line with international law. as tensions escalate, malaysia has come out strongly against the use of military force and that is why they're proposing a joint monitoring exercise and bilateral talks to avoid confrontation. some analysts say an order for malaysia to have any kind of bargaining power, they need to work with asean. the feeling is that the small countries must unite to counter china. >> china says they have indisputable sovereignty. this is a claim which beijing's -- which beijing says goes back to 2000 years. this puts them on a collision course with a host of other countries. why should they be interested? one reason is natural resources.
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according to one estimates, potential oil reserves could be 10 times greater than the oil reserves found in the u.s.. for the u.s., this is all about geostrategic competition with china. the obama administration stepped into the south china sea this year at the summit in hanoi. hillary clinton said that maritime security was in the u.s.'s national security interests. she also offered american help to ease the tension and that angered china. now that there is a draft agreement, mrs. clinton will offer to help make it a success. the chinese might not like that either. washington is working hard to deepen its ties in the region and is encouraging countries like india to become more assertive.
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>> a story that goes back to the second world war. >> the grave of adolf hitler's deputy rudolf hess has been exhumed. his remains have been cremated and his ashes will be scattered at sea. neo-nazi groups try to stage rallies there every year. >> a brown patch of ground is all the remains of the final resting place of one of the most notorious figures and not see germany. rudolf hess was buried in a small grave. >> we had to close the graveyard regularly about the anniversary of his birthday and there was major disturbances. there were marches by certain groups. the whole town was in turmoil. there was a huge police presence. >> this is what they want to avoid. groups of neo-nazis to send it
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-- descended and played homage to hit their posterity. this situation is now a relief to the people. >> we hope that they don't come back. >> rudolf hess was one of hitler's closest aides. he parachuted into scotland in an attempt at peace. after the war, he was imprisoned and killed himself in a berlin prison in 1987. since that time, he had played in this churchyard in a grave caring the epitaph "i am dead." a decision was finally reached between his family and the churches families to exhume the body and cremate the remains and
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scatter the ashes at sea. lucian freud has died. he was renowned for his portraits, usually of friends and families. >> naked flesh is what fascinated lucian freud. he avoided interviews or appearing on camera. the closest most people got to him was through his many self portraits. >> he reinvented the portrait. he claimed the butcher from being a sort of chocolate box or flattering or soft or inadequate. >> he had been born in berlin and came to britain at age 10. his grandfather was sigmund, his brother was clement. his early work was influenced by
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surrealism. he had his first one-man show when he was only 21. it was the news -- the new it that became his life work. he said he wanted to paint people. their hopes, their memories. >> in our computer age, in a way he reinforced the special and unique things that paintings can do. >> he was never flattering, never one to hide a blemish or adults. he painted bodies as he saw them. -- never want to hide a blemish or a bulge. models had to endure almost unbearable long sittings. >> i don't want to use them for an idea i have got.
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i'm actually going to do them what an identical twin would not to at all. >> he had a large family. these are just two of his daughters but it is thought that he fathered dozens of children throughout his life. he was the preeminent painter of the new. in an age of abstraction and conceptual art, he proved the continuing power of paint and the human form laid bare. >> you have been watching " newsday," from the bbc. >> we have time for a quick reminder of our main news story. that is that the eurozone leaders have agreed to give greece a second massive financial bailout. that is all from us in london and singapore. forget, there is much more on our website. there is much more analysis if
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you want to take a look at that. >> make sense of international news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global financial strength to
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work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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BBC World News
PBS July 21, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm PDT

News/Business. International issues. New. (CC) (Stereo)

TOPIC FREQUENCY Greece 10, U.s. 10, China 8, Pakistan 6, Lucian Freud 4, Mogadishu 4, Fbi 4, Bbc 3, Rudolf Hess 3, James Murdoch 3, U.n. 3, London 3, South China 3, Euros 3, Newsday 3, Murdoch 2, Beijing 2, Clinton 2, New York 2, Newman 2
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